Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a chronic blistering of the skin. Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune disease, it ranges from mildly itchy welts to severe blisters and infection. It may affect a small area of the body or be widespread. The vast majority of those affected are elderly, but it has been seen at all ages and genders. This disease affects about 7 people per 1 million.
Causes of Bullous Pempigoid
Bullous pemphigoid is caused by antibodies mistakenly attacking healthy membranes of the skin causing blisters that do not heal. The blisters commonly develop on face and limbs. About 15 to 20 percent of people with bullous pemphigoid also develop blisters in the mouth or esophagus. The disease causes periods of severe flair ups then partial remission. Some patients experience complete remission after 6 to 10 years. Patients with Bullous Pemphigoid often have other autoimmune diseases such diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis
Symptoms of Bullous Pemphigoid
Symptoms of Bullous pemphigoid are hard, tight blisters on the skin. The skin around the blisters may appear normal, but can be red and swollen. The surrounding skin often infected with a red scaly rash. Itching is very common. Red welts and hives may appear before or during the formation of blisters.
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