Sarcoidosis is inflammatory cells that form granulomas in various parts of a patient’s body most commonly found on the skin, eyes, lungs and lymph nodes. Sarcoidosis can be quite mild in some patients and resolve on its own. In many patients, the autoimmune disease can take on a more serious nature and effect the patient’s organs. Although there is no known cause for the disease patients may have a genetic predisposition which can be triggered by pollutants in the air, viruses and bacterial infections. The patient’s immune system has an overreaction, and immune cells begin to form patterns of inflammation that are called granulomas. As granulomas build up in the patient’s organs, their organ function is compromised.
Common Symptoms of Sarcoidosis:
Sarcoidosis manifests in different ways depending on the affected organs.
- Shortness of breath.
- Dry, persistent cough.
- Asthma type symptoms, including wheezing.
- Chest Pain.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Weight Loss.
Sarcoidosis can be present in the eyes and not cause any symptoms, so an annual eye exam is a major factor in detecting this and other silent diseases.
- Eye pain.
- Blurred Vision.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Severe eye redness.
- A rash (typically on the ankles or shins) which is tender and warm to the touch. The rash may be red or red and purple colored.
- Lesions on the ears, nose, and cheeks.
- Patches of dark and light skin.
- Growths under the skin, particularly around scars or tattoos.
Granulomas can form in the heart and cause heart problems. How the body handles calcium is affected by this disease and as such may lead to kidney disease and failure. In very rare cases granulomas can form in the brain and spinal cord.
For answers to your questions or to make an appointment, call us toll-free at 866-740-3638 to speak with our Patient Care Team.