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Behçets Syndrome Diagnosis and Treatment

Behcets Syndrome also called Behcet’s Disease is a rare condition which results in inflammation of the blood vessels and tissues of the body.  The diagnosis of Behcets Syndrome offers many challenges as its symptoms are shared by several other conditions and can be misdiagnosed for weeks, months and even years.

Symptoms of Behçets Syndrome

Behcets is often a relapsing, remitting disease with flare-ups and periods of remission.

  • Inflammation of blood vessels
  • Inflammation of the brain or spinal cord
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Ulcers on the genitals
  • Sensitive skin
  • Eye inflammation
  • Blurred vision including eye pain
  • Skin lesions
  • Rashes that may look like acne
  • Headaches including migraines
  • Swollen, stiff and painful joints
  • Severe cases may manifest in permanent loss of sight and strokes.

Diagnosing Behçets Syndrome

There is no definitive test to diagnose Behçets syndrome, which makes it a very difficult condition. Blood tests and urine samples may be necessary for signs or help rule out other possible causes such as cancerous tumors in your body. CT scans or MRI scans also can be used if those do not produce any results from another diagnostic method like pathergy testing (a tissue sample). Also symptoms must occur three times within one year before the condition is diagnosed, so keeping track of symptoms,  how long each symptom lasts and recording what type of symptoms occur is important.  The process of diagnosis can be very difficult as other diseases are tested and ruled-out during the time period.

Causes of Behcets Disease

The cause of Behçets disease is unknown, although most experts believe it to be an autoinflammatory condition. The body’s natural defenses against infection and illness mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in some cases-most commonly towards blood vessels or joints where inflammation occurs. The proximity of the blood vessels  coupled by identical protein markers found on both types of cells during tests done via biopsy samples.

It’s not clear what triggers this problem with the immune system, but 2 things are thought to play a role:

  • genes – Behçets  tends to be much more common in certain ethnic groups the Middle East and Mediterranean countries.
  • environmental factors

Treating Behçets

There’s no cure for Behçets disease, but it’s often possible to control the symptoms with medicines that reduce inflammation in the affected parts of the body.  Biological therapies, medicines that target the biological processes involved in the process of inflammation as well as finding the cause of the disease and treating the immune response are common in the treatment of the  disease.  Your Sunridge Medical team will create a specific and individual treatment plan for you.

The Autoimmune Registry supports research for Behçets by collecting information about patients with this and other autoimmune diseases. You can join the registry to share your information with researchers and receive updates about participating in new research studies.

Contact Us

Still Have Questions? That’s okay, we know that navigating a new course for your health is never easy, especially with all the information there is out there to have to sort through and process. That is why our Patient Care Representatives strive to provide you with as much knowledge as they possible can so that you can make the best and most informed decisions for you and your loved ones. Start by filling out the form below or just call us toll free at (800) 923-7878. There is no obligation, so please go ahead and ask away, we are always happy to help!


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