Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) is a member of the herpes virus family. It is known as human herpesvirus 4 and is found all over the world. EBV is primarily spread through saliva but can be spread through other body fluids such as semen during sexual contact, blood transfusions and organ transplants . EBV can cause mononucleosis-also called ‘mono’ or ‘glandular fever’ and other illnesses.
Most people become infected with EBV at some point during their lives. Once you have the infection, the virus becomes inactive or dormant in your body. The virus may be reactivated but it may not cause any symptoms. Signs and symptoms after the virus is reactivated are more likely to occur in those who have a compromised immune system.
Symptoms of Epstein-Barr Virus
- Inflamed throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Enlarged spleen
- Swollen liver
There are several antibody lab tests are available to determine if a person has or had a past infection or a current/recent infection with EBV.
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