How Does Hypothyroidism Develop?
Causes of hypothyroidism include congenital defects, surgical removal of the thyroid gland, irradiation of the thyroid gland, inflammatory conditions and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, an inherited autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and damages the thyroid tissue, is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. It is eight times more common among women than men.
What are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism or Overactive Thyroid Gland is a raised level of thyroid hormone in the body. Thyroxine is a hormone made by the thyroid gland and helps to keep the metabolism working at the correct speed. When the thyroid gland is overactive, it produces too much thyroxine which causes many of your body’s functions to speed up. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is an autoimmune disease called Graves’ disease. The disease affects more women (2 in 100) than men (2 in 1,000), typically occurring between the ages of 20 and 50 years old. Hyperthyroidism can also produce thyroid nodules which are benign (non-cancerous) lumps which can develop in the thyroid gland.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Autoimmune thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease which makes antibodies that attach to the thyroid gland, and the thyroid gland is then unable to make enough thyroxine. The disease affects more women (1 in 50) than men (1 in 1,000) and is more likely to occur with aging. If patients have untreated or improperly treated hypothyroidism, there is an increased risk of developing heart disease because a low thyroxine level causes lipids such as cholesterol to rise.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
If the thyroid enlarges, it causes a swelling in the neck which can be felt and seen. Thyroiditis is an inflamed thyroid which is painful and typically the result of an infection from a virus or bacteria. Graves’ disease and an autoimmune condition called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can damage the thyroid gland and cause a goiter. Nodular goiter(s) is a single lump or several lumps which develop and may be caused by a non-cancerous tumor or cyst.
Symptoms of a Goiter
Thyroid Eye Disease
Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune disease that causes the fatty tissues and muscles in the eye socket to become inflamed and swell. The swelling pushes the eyeball forward and creates a variety of eye symptoms. Thyroid Eye disease usually is associated with hyperthyroidism and Graves’ disease.
Symptoms of Thyroid Eye Disease
Alternative Treatment for Thyroid Disease
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